Likotlo tse ling khahlanong le Russia Image

Likotlo tse ling khahlanong le Russia

Ka mor'a liphutheloana tse supileng tsa likotlo tse hlahisitsoeng ke 'muso khahlanong le Russia, sephutheloana sa likotlo tsa borobeli se boetse se hlahisitsoe ka la 6 Mphalane 2022. Likotlo tsena li tla holim'a mehato e behiloeng khahlanong le Russia ka 2014 bakeng sa ho hapa Crimea le ho hloleha ho kenya tšebetsong litumellano tsa Minsk. Mehato e tsepamisitse maikutlo holim'a likotlo tsa moruo le mehato ea bodiplomate. Likotlo tse ncha li reretsoe ho ela hloko libaka tseo e seng tsa 'muso tsa setereke sa Donetsk le Luhansk tsa Ukraine le ho romela mabotho a Russia libakeng tseo. Ho blog ena, u ka bala hore na likotlo li kentsoe le hore na sena se bolela eng ho Russia le EU.

Likotlo tse fetileng ho ea ka lekala

Lenane la likotlo

EU e behile lithibelo ho batho ba itseng, lik'hamphani le mekhatlo. Lethathamo[1] ea lithibelo e atolositsoe ka makhetlo a 'maloa kahoo ho bohlokoa hore u buisane le eona pele u etsa khoebo le mokhatlo oa Russia.

Lihlahisoa tsa lijo (agri-food)

Ka lehlakoreng la lijo tsa temo, ho na le thibelo ea ho reka ka ntle ho lijo tsa leoatleng le meea e tsoang Russia le thibelo ea kantle ho naha ea lihlahisoa tse fapaneng tsa limela tsa mekhabiso. Tsena li kenyelletsa bulbs, tubers, roses, rhododendron le azaleas.

Tšireletso

Ho na le thibelo ea ho kenya le ho romela kantle ho naha ea libetsa le lihlahisoa tse amanang le tsona tse fanang ka litšebeletso le tšehetso. Ho feta moo, ho na le thibelo ea thekiso, phepelo, phetisetso le kantle ho naha ea lithunya tsa sechaba, likarolo tsa tsona tsa bohlokoa le lithunya, likoloi tsa sesole le lisebelisoa, lisebelisoa tsa sesole le likarolo tse ling. E boetse e thibela phepelo ya dihlahiswa tse itseng, dithekenoloji, tshehetso ya tekheniki le kgwebo ya ho rekisa tse amanang le dihlahiswa tse ka sebediswang bakeng sa 'tshebediso e habedi'. Tšebeliso e habeli e bolela hore thepa e ka sebelisoa bakeng sa tšebeliso e tloaelehileng empa hape bakeng sa tšebeliso ea sesole.

Lekala la matla

Lekala la eneji le kenyelletsa mesebetsi e kenyeletsang ho lekola, tlhahiso, kabo ka hare ho Russia kapa ho ntšoa ha peterole, khase ea tlhaho kapa libeso tse tiileng tsa mesaletsa. Empa hape ho etsoa kapa ho ajoa ka hare ho Russia kapa lihlahisoa tse tsoang ho mafura a tiileng, lihlahisoa tse hloekisitsoeng tsa peterole kapa khase. Hape ho aha e kaho ea meaho kapa ho kenya lisebelisoa bakeng sa, kapa ho fana ka litšebeletso, lisebelisoa kapa theknoloji bakeng sa mesebetsi e amanang le, tlhahiso ea matla kapa tlhahiso ea motlakase.

Ho etsa matsete a macha lekaleng lohle la matla la Russia ho thibetsoe. Ho feta moo, ho na le dithibelo tse hole tsa ho romela thepa, thekenoloji le ditshebeletso lekaleng la eneji. Ho boetse ho na le thibelo ea kantle ho naha ea thepa e itseng, theknoloji le lits'ebeletso tsa mahlale a ho hloekisa oli, tlhahlobo le tlhahiso ea oli ea metsi a tebileng, tlhahlobo le tlhahiso ea oli ea Arctic, le merero ea oli ea shale naheng ea Russia. Qetellong, ho tla ba le thibelo ea ho reka, ho kenya le ho fetisoa ha oli e tala le lihlahisoa tsa oli tse hloekisitsoeng tse tsoang Russia.

Lekala la lichelete

E thibetsoe ho fana ka likalimo, likalimo, boeletsi ba lekhetho, boeletsi le lihlahisoa tsa matsete ho mmuso oa Russia, Banka e Bohareng le batho / mekhatlo e amanang le eona. Hape, ha ho litšebeletso tse ka fanoang ke lik'hamphani tsa trust ho sehlopha sena. Ho feta moo, ha ba sa lumelloa ho etsa khoebo ka matšeliso 'me libanka tse' maloa li khaotsoe tsamaisong ea lichelete ea machaba ea SWIFT.

Indasteri le lisebelisoa tse tala

Thibelo ea ho reka ntle ho naha e sebetsa ho samente, manyolo, libeso tsa khale, mafura a jete le mashala. Likhamphani tse kholo lefapheng la mechini li tlameha ho latela likotlo tse ling. Hape, mechine e itseng ha e lumelloe ho isoa Russia.

Transport

Likarolo le litokiso tsa lifofane, litšebeletso tsa lichelete tse amanang le thepa le thepa e eketsehileng e sebelisoang ho fofa. Sefofane sa EU se boetse se koetsoe lifofane tsa Russia. Likotlo li boetse li le teng khahlanong le lik'hamphani tse kholo lefapheng la lifofane. Ho phaella moo, ho na le thibelo ea lipalangoang tsa litsela bakeng sa lik'hamphani tsa lipalangoang tsa Russia le Belarusian. Ho na le mekhelo e itseng, ho kenyelletsa le tsa bongaka, temo le lihlahisoa tsa lijo, le lithuso tsa botho. Ho feta moo, likepe tse tšoailoeng Russia li haneloa ho kena likoung tsa EU. Ho boetse ho na le likotlo khahlanong le lik'hamphani tse kholo lefapheng la kaho ea likepe tsa Russia.

mecha ea phatlalatso ea

Lik'hamphani tse 'maloa ha li sa lumelloa ho phatlalatsa ho EU ho hanyetsa mashano le litaba tsa bohata.

Litšebeletso tsa khoebo

Tokisetso ea lits'ebeletso tsa khoebo ha e lumelloe ha e kenyelletsa likarabello, lits'ebeletso tsa tlhahlobo ea lichelete, boeletsi ba lekhetho, likamano tsa sechaba, boeletsi, lits'ebeletso tsa maru le boeletsi ba taolo.

Botaki, setso le thepa e majabajaba

Mabapi le lekala lena, thepa ea batho ba lethathamong la likotlo e emisitsoe. Litšebelisano le ho romela thepa ea mabothobotho ho batho, lik'hamphani le mekhatlo ea Russia kapa ho sebelisoa Russia le tsona li thibetsoe.

Mehato e mecha ho tloha ka la 6 Mphalane 2022

Thepa e ncha e kentsoe lethathamong la thepa e tsoang kantle ho naha. Sekoahelo se boetse se behiloe holim'a lipalangoang tsa leoatle tsa oli ea Russia bakeng sa linaha tsa boraro. Ho boetse ho behiloe lithibelo tse eketsehileng khoebong le litšebeletsong tsa Russia.

Katoloso ea thibelo ea kantle ho naha le kantle ho naha

Ho tla ba molaong ho reka kantle ho naha dihlahiswa tsa tshepe, mahlaku a patsi, pampiri, dipolasetiki, dielemente tsa indasteri ya mabenyane, ditlolo le disakrete. Thepa ena e tla ekeletsoa lethathamong le seng le ntse le le teng e le katoloso. Lipalangoang tsa thepa e eketsehileng tse sebelisoang lekaleng la lifofane le tsona li tla thibeloa. Ho feta moo, thibelo ea kantle ho naha e ekelitsoe bakeng sa lintho tse ka sebelisoang ho sebelisoa habeli. Sena se reretsoe ho fokotsa matla a Russia a sesole le theknoloji le nts'etsopele ea lefapha la ts'ireletso le ts'ireletso. Hona joale lethathamo le kenyelletsa likarolo tse itseng tsa elektronike, lik'hemik'hale tse eketsehileng le thepa e ka sebelisoang bakeng sa kotlo ea lefu, tlhokofatso kapa tšoaro e sehlōhō, e se nang botho kapa e nyenyefatsang.

Lipalangoang tsa maoatle tsa Russia

Rejisetara ya Dikepe ya Russia le yona e tla thibelwa ditranseksheneng. Likotlo tse ncha li thibela khoebo ka leoatleng ho ea linaheng tsa boraro tsa oli e tala (ho tloha ka Tšitoe 2022) le lihlahisoa tsa peterole (ho tloha ka Hlakola 2023) tse tsoang kapa tse romelloang kantle ho naha ho tsoa Russia. Thuso ea tekheniki, lichelete tsa lits'ebeletso tsa boroki le thuso ea lichelete le tsona li kanna tsa se fanoe. Leha ho le joalo, lipalangoang le lits'ebeletso tse joalo li ka fanoa ha lihlahisoa tsa oli kapa peterole li rekoa ka kapa ka tlase ho siling ea theko e reriloeng esale pele. Kotlo ena ha e so be teng, empa motheo oa molao o se o ntse o le teng. E tla sebetsa feela ha siling ea theko e behiloe boemong ba Europe.

Keletso ea molao

Hona joale e thibetsoe ho fana ka litšebeletso tsa boeletsi ba molao Russia. Leha ho le joalo, boemeli, boitokisetso ba boeletsi ba litokomane kapa netefatso ea litokomane maemong a boemeli ba molao ha bo oele tlas'a keletso ea molao. Sena se latela tlhaloso ea litšebeletso tsa likeletso tsa molao tsa sephutheloana se secha sa likotlo. Linyeoe kapa litsamaiso tse ka pel'a mekhatlo ea tsamaiso, makhotla kapa makhotla a mang a khethiloeng ka nepo, kapa lits'ebetsong tsa boralitaba kapa tsa bokena-lipakeng le tsona ha li nkoe e le keletso ea molao. Ka la 6 Mphalane 2022, Mokhatlo oa Dutch Bar Association o bontšitse hore o ntse o nahana ka litlamorao tsa mosebetsi oa molao oa ho kena tšebetsong ha kotlo ena. Hajoale, ho eletsoa ho ikopanya le Dean of the Dutch Bar Association ha o lakatsa ho thusa/ho eletsa moreki oa Russia.

Liphatlalatsolitsebi le baenjiniere

Litšebeletso tsa meralo ea meralo le tsa boenjineri li kenyelletsa meralo ea litoropo le lits'ebeletso tsa meralo ea naha le lits'ebeletso tsa boeletsi tsa mahlale le botekgeniki tse amanang le boenjiniere. E thibetsoe ka ho thibela phano ea lits'ebeletso tsa meralo le boenjiniere hammoho le lits'ebeletso tsa boeletsi ba IT le lits'ebeletso tsa boeletsi ba molao. Leha ho le joalo, phano ea thuso ea tekheniki e ntse e tla lumelloa mabapi le thepa e romelloang Russia. Thekiso, phepelo, phetiso kapa thomelontle ea thepa eo joale ha ea lokela ho thibeloa tlas'a molao ona ha ho fanoa ka thuso ea botekgeniki.

Litšebeletso tsa boeletsi ba IT

Tsena li kenyelletsa ho kenya lisebelisoa tsa khomphutha. Hape nahana ka thuso ea litletlebo ka ho kenya hardware le marang-rang, "Litšebeletso tsa ho buisana le IT" li kenyelletsa litšebeletso tsa boeletsi tse amanang le ho kenya lisebelisoa tsa k'homphieutha, litšebeletso tsa ts'ebetsong ea software. Ka kakaretso, e kenyelletsa nts'etsopele le ts'ebetsong ea software. E boetse e thibetsoe ho fana ka litšebeletso tsa sepache, akhaonto le tlhokomelo ea thepa ea crypto bakeng sa batho ba Russia kapa batho ba lulang Russia, ho sa tsotellehe boleng ba kakaretso ea thepa ea crypto.

Likotlo tse ling

Mehato e meng e kentsoeng ke monyetla oa ho beha batho le mekhatlo e thusang ho qoba likotlo lenaneng la likotlo. Ho feta moo, ho na le thibelo ho baahi ba EU ba lutseng libotong tsa batsamaisi ba lik'hamphani tse itseng tsa 'muso oa Russia. Batho ba 'maloa le mekhatlo e boetse e behiloe lethathamong la likotlo. Tsena li kenyelletsa baemeli ba lefapha la ts'ireletso la Russia, batho ba tsebahalang ba jalang disinformation mabapi le ntoa le ba amehang ho hlophiseng li-referendum tse seng molaong.

Lekhotla le ile la boela la etsa qeto ea ho atolosa sebaka sa likotlo tsa la 23 Hlakola, ho kenyeletsoa ka ho khetheha thibelo ea ho romelloa ha thepa e tsoang linaheng tse seng tsa 'muso tsa Donetsk le Luhansk, ho ea libakeng tse sa laoleheng tsa Zaporizhzhya le Kherson oblasts. Mehato e khahlano le ba ikarabellang bakeng sa ho nyenyefatsa kapa ho sokela botšepehi ba sebaka sa Ukraine, boipuso le boipuso li sebetsa ho fihlela la 15 Hlakubele 2023.

Contact

Tlas'a maemo a itseng, ho na le mekhelo mabapi le likotlo tse ka holimo. A na u ka rata ho tseba haholoanyane ka see? Joale ikutloe u lokolohile ho ikopanya le Tom Meevis oa rona, ho [imeile e sirelelitsoe] kapa Maxim Hodak, ho [imeile e sirelelitsoe] kapa o re letsetse ho +31 (0) 40-3690680.

[1] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A02014R0269-20220721

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